Dermatologists Across The Europe Fghting Infant Eczema

Eczema modern treatment guidelines

Several annual meetings, dermatology confer enc es and skin forums in 2016 will focus the attention of medical community to raising problem of atopic dermatitis. Atopic dermatitis, often called eczema is a chronic inflammatory skin condition characterized by acute painful or itchy red and dry patches on the skin, usually located in the areas of movement. The illness dominantly affects children, infants particularly, but 3% of adults suffer the same condition too. The condition usually starts early in life, thousands of babies are affected, and it may come together with some other conditions also associated with an atopic constitution, such as asthma, rhinitis or conjunctivitis.

European Federation of Allergy researches to figure out what cause the Eczema

European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, European Federation of Allergy and many other organizations within healthcare community are conducting numerous experiments and researches to figure out the cause or causes of this condition.

So far, a certain percent of hereditary influence has been proven and genes responsible for skin barrier impairment and misbalanced chemical characteristics of the skin have been detected. Currently, scientific efforts are focused on environmental conditions and risk factors that could be equally responsible for triggering or worsening the disease. Aside higher prevalence in some families and communities, higher prevalence has been detected in industrialized countries. This all implies the significant role of environmental factors.

Living in the United Kingdom puts your child at high risk of AD

Atopic dermatitis is highly frequent problem in UK and it is estimated that every fifth child suffers the condition. The incidence of illness is increasing and all these children report poorer life quality. This is accompanied with equally high prevalence in following diseases and allergic conditions and most probably caused by environmental influences. UK is in the group of industrializes countries, with high levels of air pollution, rich collection of chemicals used in everyday’s life in most of homes and the food contains high percent of conservatives. All of these factors have been monitored in order to explain increasing incidence of AD in this country. Some recently conducted researches may got the answer.

Southern England and hard – water regions especially risky

Namely, the newest scientific findings suggest that hard water could be directly linked to the development of atopic dermatitis. There is no doubt that genetic predisposition plays a significant role, but it seems that concentration of chlorine, calcium carbonate and other chemicals responsible for water hardness contribute damaging of the skin barrier and trigger immune response to lesions.

Citizens living in south areas use harder water in everyday’s life, and studies show that prevalence fits this regional division.

London College large – scale research links domestic water hardness with atopic dermatitis

King’s College in London conducted research including nearly 1500 three – month old infants born across the UK and monitored several parameters. The scientists observed ingredients in the water their families used, the frequency of bathing the children, using of various bath products and compared this collected information with the distribution of atopic eczema.

The study showed double risk of developing this skin condition among children living in areas where water tends to have a higher concentration of chlorine and calcium carbonate. This risk was almost up to 90% among children with the genetic predisposition. The study was published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, and it brings a whole new topic for future screenings – will mass installing of water softener show decrease in AD prevalence?

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